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2014 wind power installations and production by province
In 2014, China's wind power industry continued to maintain a strong growth momentum. Annual newly installed capacity of wind power reached 19.81 GW, a new record for newly installed capacity. Cumulative installed capacity reached 96.37 GW, accounting for 7% of total installed power generation capacity, and for 27% of global installed capacity of wind power。Electricity production from wind power was 153.4 TWh in 2014, accounting for 2.78% of total electricity generation。
In 2014, nationwide wind conditions were generally low, with average wind speeds at onshore locations and at 70 meters height of circa 5.5 m/s, 8-12% smaller than in previous years。Affected by this, the national average productivity of wind power equipment was 1,893 full-load hours, down 181 hours from last year. Yunnan had the highest productivity, at 2,511 hours, with the lowest in Tibet, at 1,333 hours。In 2014, wind power curtailment improved at accelerated pace, with a national average of wind power curtailment of 8%, down 4 percentage points from last year, and the lowest curtailment rate in recent years. Apart from Xinjiang, different provinces all had varying levels of improvement in wind power curtailment。
In 2014, national wind power development and construction accelerated significantly. New approvals for wind power projects were for a capacity of 36 GW, an increase of 6 GW, with the cumulative approved capacity reaching 173 GW. Total capacity under construction reached 77.04 GW, an increase of 16 GW。The completion rate for the third batch of approvals for wind power development in the "12th FYP" period was 76%, with the completion rate for the fourth batch of approvals at 56%; the completion rates showed a significant increase。In addition, affected by pricing policy adjustment, various areas experienced varying degrees of a "grabbing installations" phenomenon in the second half of 2014。
In 2014, wind power equipment manufacturing capacity continued to improve, with significant improvements to the technological level。Annual production of wind turbines nationwide reached 23.35 GW, an increase of 45 percent, with nationwide cumulative turbine production of 115 GW, an increase of 25.5%。Production capacity and concentration in the wind power equipment manufacturing continued to increase, with eight companies with a production capacity exceeding 1 GW。The power rating of single units significantly improved, with the market share of 2 MW models rising 9 percentage points comapred with last year。There was continued improvement in the reliability of wind turbines, with average utilization rates reaching 97%。
2014 wind power industry monitoring data
|Provinces (autonomous region, municipality)||Cumulative approved capacity||Total capacity under construction||Grid-connected capacity, additions||Grid-connected capacity, cumulative||Total electricity generation||Wind power curtailment (% of all)||Full-load hours (avg.)|
Notes：Capacity unit：MW；Generation unit：GWh