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2017 National renewable power development monitoring and evaluation report

Published on: May 11, 2018

Original title: 国家能源局关于2017年度全国可再生能源电力发展监测评价的通报 国能发新能〔2018〕43号
Links: Source document (in Chinese) (link). Same report for 2015 (link) and 2016 (link).


NEA notice on the 2017 National renewable power development monitoring and evaluation report

Development and Reform Commissions (Energy Administrations) of provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), State Grid Corporation, China Southern Power Grid Company, Inner Mongolia Electric Power Company, and other relevant units:

为促进可再生能源开发利用,科学评估各地区可再生能源发展状况,确保实现国家2020年、2030年非化石能源占一次能源消费比重分别达到15%左右和20%左右的战略目标,根据《关于建立可再生能源开发利用目标引导制度的指导意见》(国能新能〔2016〕54号)和《关于做好风电、光伏发电全额保障性收购管理工作的通知》(发改能源〔2016〕1150号),我局委托国家可再生能源中心汇总有关可再生能源电力建设和运行监测数据,并与各地区能源主管部门和电网企业进行衔接和复核,形成了《2017年度全国可再生能源电力发展监测评价报告》(以下简称监测评价报告)。

现将监测评价报告予以通报,以此作为各地区2018年可再生能源开发建设和并网运行的基础数据,请各有关地区和单位高度重视可再生能源电力发展和全额保障性收购工作,采取有效措施推动提高可再生能源利用水平,为完成全国非化石能源消费比重目标作出积极贡献。

Annex:2017 National renewable power development monitoring and evaluation report

 

National Energy Administration

May 11, 2018

Annex

 

2017 National renewable power development monitoring and evaluation report

1. National renewable power development - overall situation

By the end of 2017, national renewable power generation capacity was 650 GW, accounting for 36.6% of total installed power generation capacity. Of this, 341 GW was hydropower (including pumped storage), 164 GW of wind power, 130 GW of solar PV, and 14.76 GW of biomass power generation capacity。Renewable power generation in 2017 was 1,697.9 TWh, or 26.5% of total electricity generation. Of this, hydropower generation amounted to 1,194.5 TWh, accounting for 18.6% of total electricity generation. Wind power generation amounted to 305.7 TWh, or 4.8% of total power generation, photovoltaic power generation was 118.2 TWh, or 1.8% of the total electricity generation, and biomass power generation was 79.5 TWh, or 1.2% of total power generation。

2. Provincial (autonomous regions, municipalities) renewable electricity consumption

In 2017, total renewable power consumption, including hydropower, was 1,668.6 TWh, an increase of 10.8% year-on-year. Its share in total electricity consumption was 26.5%, an increase of 1.1 percentage points year-on-year。Considering local production, local consumption, and the amount of inter-provincial or inter-regional power exports and imports for each of the provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), the 2017 share of renewables in total electricity consumption for each of the provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) were as follows::

 

Table 1. 2017 Renewable power consumption by province (autonomous region, municipality)

Province (autonomous region, municipality) Renewable electricity consumption (GWh) Renewable electricity consumption (%) Year-on-year increase, percentage points
Beijing 13,000 12.10% 1.6
Tianjin 8,900 11.00% 1.7
Hebei 40,100 11.60% 1.3
Shanxi 28,000 14.10% 2
Inner Mongolia 55,400 19.20% 2.8
Liaoning 26,000 12.20% -0.5
Jilin 15,600 22.20% 1.5
Heilongjiang 18,800 20.20% 4.5
Shanghai 50,900 33.30% 0.7
Jiangsu 85,600 14.70% 1.9
Zhejiang 80,900 19.30% -0.6
Anhui 27,400 14.30% 2
Fujian 51,100 24.20% -11.6
Jiangxi 32,800 25.40% -1.8
Shandong 39,900 7.30% 1.2
Henan 46,100 14.60% 4.2
Hubei 80,300 43.00% 4.6
Hunan 79,800 50.40% 0.7
Guangdong 193,200 32.40% -1.5
Guangxi 74,400 51.60% 1.7
Hainan 4,100 13.30% 1
Chongqing 48,800 49.20% 0.5
Sichuan 184,200 83.50% 0.4
Guizhou 49,300 35.60% -5.6
Yunnan 131,700 85.60% 4.3
Tibet 4,900 83.80% -1.1
Shaanxi 24,000 16.00% 5.9
Gansu 54,600 46.90% 4
Qinghai 44,600 64.90% 2.5
Ningxia 22,500 23.00% 1.9
Xinjiang 52,100 26.00% 3.1
National 1,668,600 26.50% 1.1


3. Provincial (autonomous regions, municipalities) non-hydro renewable electricity consumption status

In 2017, total non-hydropower renewable electricity consumption was 502.5 TWh, an increase of 35.2% year-on-year. It accounted for 8.0% of total electricity consumption, an increase of 1.7 percentage points year-on-year。Considering local production, local consumption, and the amount of inter-provincial or inter-regional power exports and imports for each of the provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), the 2017 share of non-hydropower renewables in total electricity consumption for each of the provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) are as listed in Table 2。

The share of non-hydro renewable power consumption was the highest in Qinghai, Ningxia, and Inner Mongolia, exceeding 18%;the largest increases in non-hydro renewable power consumption occurred in Tibet, Shaanxi, and Henan provinces (regions), increasing at 3.9, 3.9 and 3.7 percentage points, respectively;regarding the completion of the 2020 non-hydro renewable power consumption target, 17 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) including Ningxia, Qinghai and Inner Mongolia have already reached their 2020 target. Hubei, Guizhou, Jiangsu, and Shaanxi have reached 75% or more of their 2020 targets, whilst Guangdong, Hainan and Chongqing are below 50% of their 2020 target。

Table 2. 2017 Non-hydro renewable power consumption by province (autonomous region, municipality)

Province (autonomous region, municipality) Non-hydro renewable electricity consumption (GWh) Non-hydro renewable electricity consumption (%) Year-on-year increase, percentage points 2020 Non-hydro renewable electricity share target Distance to 2020 target
Qinghai 12,700 18.50% 0.2 10% 8.5
Ningxia 20,600 21.00% 1.9 13% 8
Inner Mongolia 52,800 18.30% 3 13% 5.3
Yunnan 21,900 14.20% 1.7 10% 4.2
Jilin 11,500 16.40% 2.7 13% 3.4
Heilongjiang 14,600 15.80% 3.4 13% 2.8
Shanxi 23,800 12.00% 2 10% 2
Anhui 16,900 8.80% 2.7 7% 1.8
Jiangxi 8,400 6.50% 2.7 5% 1.5
Henan 25,500 8.10% 3.7 7% 1.1
Tibet 800 14.00% 3.9 13% 1
Gansu 16,000 13.80% 1.3 13% 0.8
Beijing 11,100 10.40% 1.4 10% 0.4
Tianjin 8,400 10.40% 1.4 10% 0.4
Hebei 35,700 10.40% 1.4 10% 0.4
Hunan 11,500 7.20% 3.1 7% 0.2
Xinjiang 26,300 13.10% 2 13% 0.1
Hubei 12,700 6.80% 2.1 7% -0.2
Guizhou 5,900 4.30% -0.3 5% -0.7
Jiangsu 31,600 5.40% 1.2 7% -1.6
Sichuan 7,300 3.30% 1 5% -1.7
Guangxi 4,400 3.00% 1.7 5% -2
Shanghai 4,100 2.70% 0.7 5% -2.3
Shaanxi 11,500 7.70% 3.9 10% -2.3
Fujian 9,500 4.50% 0.8 7% -2.5
Chongqing 2,400 2.40% 0.8 5% -2.6
Zhejiang 17,600 4.20% 0.6 7% -2.8
Shandong 37,200 6.90% 1.3 10% -3.1
Liaoning 19,700 9.20% 0.6 13% -3.8
Guangdong 18,900 3.20% 1.3 7% -3.8
Hainan 1,400 4.70% 0.2 10% -5.3
National 502,500 8.00% 1.7 9% -1

Note:Power exported from the Guizhou power grid is calculated based on a ratio of 30% of hydropower and 4% of wind power in deliveries, as reported in the “Circular on the Qiandian Plan for electricity deliveries to Guangdong Province in 2017” (YJYX [2017] No. 26). Because the calculation method differs from previous year, the share of non-hydropower renewable power consumption in Guizhou dropped by 0.3% points year-on-year。

[Map added by China Energy Portal]

 

4. Implementation of the guaranteed purchase of wind and PV electricity generation

In 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration, in accordance with requirements by the "Renewable Energy Law", have approved minimum guaranteed purchases of full-load hours for wind power and PV power generation in key areas, and put forward relevant requirements for their guaranteed full purchase。

In 2017, actual utilization of wind power increased, compared to 2016, in all of the administrative areas that have minimum guaranteed full-load hours purchase requirements. However, Xinjiang (areas with category III resources), Gansu, Ningxia and Jilin (areas with category III resources) did not reach the minimum guaranteed annual purchase of full-load hours of wind power。Among these, the actual utilization (full-load hours) in areas with class II and class III resource areas in Gansu were at 305 hours and 383 hours, respectively, below the minimum guaranteed annual purchase of full-load hours;in Ningxia, due to substandard wind conditions, utilization fell short by 200 full-load hours;Areas with class III resources in Xinjiang and areas with class III resources in Jilin fell short by 116 and 112 full-load hours, respectively。Other areas met the required minimum guaranteed purchase of annual full-load hours of wind power。

In 2017, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shanxi (areas with class II resources), and Hebei (areas with class II resources) achieved the minimum guaranteed annual purchase of full-load hours of PV power generation. Five provinces (regions) did not meet the requirements. Among them, actual utilization in Gansu (areas with class I and II resources) fell short on the minimum guaranteed purchase by 382 and 271 full-load hours, respectively. Xinjiang (areas with class I and II resources) fell short by 274 and 270 full-load hours, respectively. In Ningxia utilization was 174 full-load hours below requirements, in Shaanxi (areas with class II resources) it was 13 full-load hours below requirements, and in Liaoning it was 5 hours below requirements。

Table 3. 2017 Implementation of the minimum guaranteed purchase of full-load hours for wind power in key administrative areas

Province (region) Resource category area Area Minimum guaranteed number of full-load hours purchased 2017 Actual number of full-load hours utilized 2017 YoY increase in actual number of full-load hours utilized 2017 full-load hours deficit
Inner Mongolia Class Ⅰ Areas other than Chifeng, Tongliao, Xing'an League, Hulunbeier 2000 2115 177 +115
Class Ⅱ Chifeng, Tongliao, Xing'an League, Hulunbeier 1900 1987 263 +87
Xinjiang Class Ⅰ Urumqi, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Karamay, Shihezi 1900 2119 396 +219
Class Ⅲ Areas other than Urumqi, Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Karamay, Shihezi 1800 1684 475 -116
Gansu Class Ⅱ Jiayuguan, Jiuquan 1800 1495 450 -305
Class Ⅲ Areas other than Jiayuguan, Jiuquan 1800 1417 238 -383
Ningxia Class Ⅲ Ningxia 1850 1650 97 -200
Heilongjiang Class Ⅲ Jixi, Shuangyashan, Qitaihe, Suihua, Yichun, Daxing'anling prefecture 1900 1910 207 +10
Class Ⅳ Heilongjiang: other areas 1850 1907 255 +57
Jilin Class Ⅲ Baicheng, Songyuan 1800 1688 371 -112
Class Ⅳ Jilin: other areas 1800 1972 518 +172
Liaoning Class Ⅳ Liaoning 1850 2141 213 +291
Hebei Class Ⅱ Zhangjiakou 1900 2185 131 +285
Shanxi Class Ⅳ Xinzhou, Shuozhou, Datong 1900 1998 72 +98

 

Table 4. 2017 Implementation of the minimum guaranteed purchase of full-load hours for PV in key administrative areas

Province (region) Resource category area Area Minimum guaranteed number of full-load hours purchased 2017 Actual number of full-load hours utilized 2017 YoY increase in actual number of full-load hours utilized 2017 full-load hours deficit
Inner Mongolia Class Ⅰ Areas other than Chifeng, Tongliao, Xing'an League, Hulunbeier 1500 1636 160 +136
Class Ⅱ Chifeng, Tongliao, Xing'an League, Hulunbeier 1400 1545 40 +145
Xinjiang Class Ⅰ Hami, Tacheng, Altay, Karamay 1500 1226 270 -274
Class Ⅱ Areas outside of Class Ⅰ areas 1350 1080 227 -270
Gansu Class Ⅰ Jiayuguan, Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan, Dunhuang, Jinchang 1500 1118 123 -382
Class Ⅱ Areas outside of Class Ⅰ areas 1400 1129 88 -271
Qinghai Class Ⅰ Haixi 1500 1535 132 +35
Class Ⅱ Areas outside of Class Ⅰ areas 1450 1497 44 +47
Ningxia Class Ⅰ Ningxia 1500 1326 57 -174
Shaanxi Class Ⅱ Yulin, Yan'an 1300 1287 41 -13
Heilongjiang Class Ⅱ Heilongjiang 1300 1380 46 +80
Jilin Class Ⅱ Jilin 1300 1542 396 +242
Liaoning Class Ⅱ Liaoning 1300 1295 155 -5
Hebei Class Ⅱ Chengde, Zhangjiakou, Tangshan, Qinhuangdao 1400 1438 56 +38
Shanxi Class Ⅱ Datong, Shuozhou, Xinzhou 1400 1564 4 +164

 

5. Biomass power generation statistics

By the end of 2017, there were 747 operational biomass power projects in 30 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities), with a grid-connected installed capacity of 14,762 MW (excluding auto-consumer power plants), and annual generation of 79.45 TWh。Of these, 271 projects were agricultural and forestry residue based biomass power generation projects, with a total grid-connected installed capacity of 7,009 MW and an annual generation of 39.73 TWh;339 projects were MSW incineration based biomass power generation projects, with a total grid-connected installed capacity of 7,253 MW and an annual generation of 37.52 TWh;137 projects were biogas based biomass power generation projects, with a total grid-connected installed capacity of 500 MW, and an annual generation of 2.20 TWh。The top four provinces in terms of grid-connected installed capacity of biomass power were Shandong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Anhui, with 2,107 MW, 1,580 MW, 1,459 MW and 1,163 MW, respectively;The top four provinces in terms of annual generation of biomass power were Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui, with 10.65 TWh, 9.05 TWh, 8.24 TWh and 6.62 TWh, respectively。The 2017 grid-connected installed capacity and annual generation of various types of biomass power in each of the provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) were as follows:

Table 5. 2017 Biomass power statistics by province (autonomous region and municipality)

Province (autonomous region, municipality) Cumulative grid-connected installed capacity (MW) Annual power production (GWh)
Total Agriculture and forestry residue based biomass power generation MSW incineration based power generation Biogas based power generation Total Agriculture and forestry residue based biomass power generation MSW incineration based power generation Biogas based power generation
Beijing 213 0 195 18 1,330 0 1,220 110
Tianjin 103 0 103 0 530 0 530 0
Hebei 676 426 241 9 3,360 2,350 980 30
Shanxi 390 279 111 0 2,280 1,720 560 0
Inner Mongolia 172 102 69 1 770 620 150 0
Liaoning 158 72 77 9 820 430 330 60
Jilin 534 397 134 3 2,800 2,270 530 0
Heilongjiang 901 816 81 4 4,750 4,450 290 10
Shanghai 272 0 255 17 1,870 0 1,760 110
Jiangsu 1,459 494 908 57 9,050 3,180 5,660 210
Zhejiang 1,580 214 1,331 35 8,240 1,160 6,900 180
Anhui 1,163 749 400 14 6,620 4,850 1,700 70
Fujian 457 54 391 12 2,460 300 2,120 40
Jiangxi 293 176 81 36 1,700 1,210 290 200
Shandong 2,107 1,260 798 49 10,650 7,030 3,450 170
Henan 519 391 64 64 2,510 2,010 310 190
Hubei 732 483 235 14 3,690 2,370 1,290 30
Hunan 551 397 127 27 2,670 1,990 550 130
Guangdong 1,016 220 728 68 5,910 1,470 4,130 310
Guangxi 280 170 93 17 1,490 860 530 100
Hainan 77 0 77 0 520 0 520 0
Chongqing 193 60 127 6 1,110 200 860 50
Sichuan 436 55 359 22 2,040 350 1,610 80
Guizhou 96 60 36 0 560 370 190 0
Yunnan 126 0 126 0 600 0 600 0
Shaanxi 55 30 14 11 210 130 10 70
Gansu 89 30 58 1 470 170 290 10
Qinghai 4 0 0 4 20 0 0 20
Ningxia 84 50 34 0 230 70 160 0
Xinjiang 26 24 0 2 190 170 0 20
National 14,762 7,009 7,253 500 79,450 39,730 37,520 2,200

In 2017, nationwide biomass power production replaced fossil fuels equivalent to about 25 million tons of standard coal, and reduced carbon dioxide emissions by about 65 million tons。Agriculture and forestry residue based biomass power generation processed about 54 million tons of agricultural and forestry residues;Waste incineration based power generation processed about 106 million tons of MSW, accounting for 37.9% of the national volume of waste generated。


6. Transmission of renewable energy on UHV lines

In 2017, 12 UHV power lines transmitted 300.8 TWh, of which 190.0 TWh renewable power, an increase of 10% year/on/year. It made up 63% of total electricity transport, down 11 percentage points on last year。The 9 UHV lines in the area covered by the State Grid transported 242.6 TWh, of which 131.9 TWh renewable power, accounting for 54% of all electricity transported;the 3 UHV lines in areas covered by the China Southern Grid carried 58.1 TWh, all of which was renewable electricity。

Table 6. 2017 UHV power line transmission statistics

No. Transmission line name Annual transmission Renewable electricity (GWh) Share of renewable electricity Year-on-year increase, percentage points
(GWh)
1 Changnan line 6,550 3,700 56% 21
2 Ximeng - Shandong 6,480 0%
3 Anhui to East line 59,450 0%
4 Zhejiang Fujian line 4,020 0%
5 Fulong - Fengxian DC 32,400 32,030 99% -1
6 Ximeng - Jiangsu DC 38,710 38,460 99%
7 Binjin DC 38,960 38,960 100%
8 Tianzhong DC 35,970 15,260 42% 19
9 Lingshao DC 20,130 3,440 17% -12
10 Chusui DC 28,220 28,220 100%
11 Puqiao DC 29,750 29,750 100%
12 Xindong DC 140 140 100%
National 300,750 189,960 63% -11

Note:Data on projects 1-9 as reported by the State Grid Corporation, data on projects 10-12 as reported by the Southern Grid Corporation。The Xindong DC line was put into operation in December 2017。

 

7. Implementation status of the national clean energy demonstration provinces (regions)

Zhejiang。In 2017, total renewable electricity consumption was 80.9 TWh, accounting for 19.3% of the province's total electricity consumption;non-hydro renewable electricity consumption was 17.6 TWh, accounting for 4.2% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 0.6 percentage points on last year。

Sichuan。In 2017, total renewable electricity consumption was 184.2 TWh, accounting for 83.5% of the province's total electricity consumption;non-hydro renewable electricity consumption was 7.3 TWh, accounting for 3.3% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 1.0 percentage points on last year。

Ningxia。In 2017, total renewable electricity consumption increased substantially, reaching 22.5 TWh, accounting for 23.0% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 1.9 percentage points on last year;non-hydro renewable electricity consumption was 20.6 TWh, accounting for 21.0% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 1.9 percentage points on last year。Utilization of wind and photovoltaic power generation did not reach the minimum guaranteed amount of full-load hours purchased, falling short by 200 hours and 174 hours。

Gansu。In 2017, total renewable electricity consumption increased substantially, reaching 54.6 TWh, accounting for 46.1% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 3.2 percentage points on last year;non-hydro renewable electricity consumption was 16.0 TWh, accounting for 13.8% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 1.3 percentage points on last year。Utilization of wind and photovoltaic power generation was relatively far from reaching the minimum guaranteed amount of full-load hours purchased. Utilization of wind power in areas with resources Class II and Class III fell short by 305 and 383 full-load hours, respectively;Utilization of PV in areas with resources Class I and Class II fell short by 382 and 271 full-load hours, respectively。

Qinghai。In 2017, total renewable electricity consumption was 44.6 TWh, accounting for 64.9% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 2.5 percentage points on last year;non-hydro renewable electricity consumption was 12.7 TWh, accounting for 18.5% of the province's total electricity consumption, up 0.2 percentage points on last year。

Annex:Renewable power development monitoring indicators and calculation method

 

 

Annex

Renewable power development monitoring indicators and calculation method

1. The provincial (regional, city-level) renewable electricity consumption includes the local ​​renewable power generation, with inter-provincial imports of renewable electricity added, and inter-provincial exports of renewable electricity subtracted。

Renewable electricity consumption within the province (autonomous region, municipality) = local ​​renewable electricity generation - inter-provincial exports of renewable electricity + inter-provincial imports of renewable electricity

2. The provincial (regional, directly-controlled municipality-level) share of renewable electricity is equal to the provincial (regional, city-level) renewable electricity consumption divided by total electricity consumption in the respective locality。

3. The provincial (regional, directly-controlled municipality-level) total electricity consumption and renewable electricity production, will be determined on the basis of statistics on the power industry published by the National Bureau of Statistics and information mechanisms recognized by the national government 。

4. Inter-provincial and inter-regional volumes of renewable electricity traded, will be determined on the basis of data provided by the State Grid Corporation, China Southern Power Grid Company and the Inner Mongolia Electric Power Company, considering transmission losses per transmission line。

5. In inter-provincial or inter-regional renewable power trading, there are two possible cases; "province to province", and "province to region"。In the case of "province to region", for example when East or Central China accepts renewable electricity input from provinces outside of the region, the import of renewable electricity into each province within the region will be calculated using the proportion of total electricity consumption of each province as a share of the regional grids total electricity consumption。That is:

\small Imported\,electricity\,into\,province\,(autonomous\,region,\,city) _{i}\,=\,\\ \small imported\,renewable\,electricity\times\left(\frac{total\,electricity\,consumption\,in\,province\,(autonomous\,region,\,city) _{i}}{\sum_{i=1}^n total\,electricity\,consumption\,in\,province\,(autonomous\,region,\,city)_{i}}\right)

where n denotes all provinces (autonomous region, city) within the regional grid

 

6. The Jing-Jin-Ji power grid (Beijing, Tianjin, North Hebei, South Hebei grid) is a special area. For the purposes of calculating the share of non-hydro renewable electricity in total electricity consumption, non-hydro renewable electricity from centralized projects and from inter-provincial imports are shared uniformly, whilst non-hydro renewable electricity generation from distributed projects within each area is counted towards the respective area。

 

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