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2012 detailed electricity statistics

Published on: November 7, 2013

Original title: 2012年电力统计基本数据一览表
Links: Original CN (link). Same statistics for (2017) (2016) (2015) (2014) (2013) (2012) (2011) (2010) (2009) (2008) (2007) (2006).

 

Basic electric power statistics 2012

Unit 2011 2012 YoY increase (%)
1。Power production GWh 4,730,600 4,986,526 5.41
Hydro power GWh 668,100 855,552 28.06
Of which:Pumped storage GWh 10,900 9,313 -14.56
Thermal power GWh 3,900,300 3,925,534 0.65
Nuclear power GWh 87,200 98,318 12.75
Wind power GWh 74,055 103,050 39.15
Solar power GWh 605 3,595 494.22
Other GWh 220 478 117.2
Generation by thermal power plants 6 MW and above GWh 3,889,300 3,916,003 0.69
Coal fired GWh 3,696,100 3,710,400 0.38
Of which:Coal gangue power generation GWh 67,200 74,600 11.02
Oil GWh 5,900 5,400 -9.01
Gas GWh 108,767 109,195 0.39
Of which:Coal bed methane power generation GWh 1,750 1,457 -16.74
Other GWh 78,459 91,086 16.09
Of which:Waste heat, waste gas, waste pressure power generation GWh 55,190 59,438 7.7
Waste incineration power generation GWh 9,723 12,035 23.78
Crop stalk, bagasse, and forestry residue based power generation GWh 13,547 19,613 44.78
2。Total power cons. GWh 4,702,209 4,965,653 5.6
A. Industrial power consumption GWh 4,140,085 4,342,883 4.9
Primary industry GWh 101,386 100,251 -1.12
Secondary industry GWh 3,528,206 3,673,331 4.11
Of which: industry GWh 3,471,034 3,612,200 4.07
--- of which:Light industry GWh 582,494 611,370 4.96
--- of which:Heavy industry GWh 2,888,540 3,000,829 3.89
Tertiary industry GWh 510,492 569,301 11.52
B. Residential electricity consumption GWh 562,124 622,770 10.79
Of which: urban residential consumption GWh 320,200 356,207 11.25
Rural residents GWh 241,924 266,563 10.18
3。Installed generation capacity MW 1,062,530 1,146,764 7.93
Hydro power MW 232,980 249,470 7.08
Of which:Pumped storage MW 18,380 20,330 10.61
Thermal power MW 768,340 819,685 6.68
Nuclear power MW 12,570 12,570
Wind power MW 46,230 61,423 32.86
Solar power MW 2,120 3,411 60.63
Other MW 190 204.9 7.84
Generation capacity of thermal power plants 6 MW and above MW 763,020 814,259 6.71
Coal fired MW 709,290 753,820 6.28
Of which:Coal gangue power generation MW 12,950 15,740 21.54
Oil MW 3,280 3,010 -8.23
Gas MW 34,154 37,173 8.84
Of which:Coal bed methane power generation MW 381 290 -23.92
Other MW 16,307 20,253 24.19
Of which:Waste heat, waste gas, waste pressure power generation MW 10,716 12,562 17.23
Waste incineration power generation MW 2,097 2,515 19.91
Crop stalk, bagasse, and forestry residue based power generation MW 3,494 5,176 48.12
4。35 kV and above transmission line length km 1,409,698 1,479,963 4.98
1000 kV km 639 639
±800 kV km 3,334 5,466 63.96
750 kV km 10,005 10,088 0.83
±660 kV km 1,400 1,400
500 kV km 140,263 146,250 4.27
Of which: ±500 kV km 8,837 9,145 3.49
±400 kV km 1,051 1,051
330 kV km 22,267 22,701 1.95
220 kV km 295,978 318,217 7.51
110 kV (includes 66 kV) km 491,322 517,983 5.43
35 kV km 443,440 456,168 2.87
5。35 kV and above substation capacity MVA 4,083,980 4,458,990 9.18
1000 kV MVA 18,000 18,000
±800 kV MVA 26,690 43,596 63.34
750 kV MVA 53,200 53,200
±660 kV MVA 9,460 9,460
500 kV MVA 821,090 906,255 10.37
Of which: ±500 kV MVA 60,110 72,297 20.27
±400 kV MVA 710 1,412 98.86
330 kV MVA 74,240 77,143 3.91
220 kV MVA 1,310,600 1,442,285 10.05
110 kV (includes 66 kV) MVA 1,377,760 1,492,306 8.31
35 kV MVA 392,230 415,339 5.89
6。Newly installed generation capacity MW 94,360 83,150 -11.88
Hydro power MW 12,830 16,760 30.63
Of which:Pumped storage MW 1,750 1,650 -5.71
Thermal power MW 62,410 52,360 -16.1
Of which:Coal fired MW 58,366 47,880 -17.97
--- of which:Coal gangue power generation MW 1,830 1,560 -14.75
Oil MW
Gas MW 2,366 2,470 4.38
--- of which:Coal bed methane power generation MW 5
Other MW 1,681 2,010 19.57
Of which:Waste heat, gas and pressure MW 770 1,045 35.72
Waste incineration power generation MW 257 200 -22.04
Crop stalk, bagasse, and forestry residue based power generation MW 654 752 14.98
Nuclear power MW 1,750
Wind power MW 15,280 12,960 -15.18
Solar power MW 1,960 1,073 -45.23
Other MW 131
7。Retired and closed down thermal power capacity MW 9,550 6,158 -35.52
8。Power generation projects under construction (at year end) by main power companies MW 170,840 162,350 -4.97
Hydro power MW 71,210 66,480 -6.64
Thermal power MW 55,580 51,660 -7.05
Nuclear power MW 33,470 33,830 1.08
Wind power MW 10,470 9,713 -7.23
9。Newly installed transmission line length, 110 kV and above km 66,903 66,269 -0.95
1000 kV km 1.4
±800 kV km 2,090
750 kV km 2,740 741 -72.96
±660 kV km
500 kV km 7,331 4,747 -35.24
Of which: ±500 kV km
±400 kV km 1,038
330 kV km 965 219 -77.32
220 kV km 24,129 26,431 9.54
110 kV (includes 66 kV) km 30,698 32,040 4.37
10。Newly installed substation capacity, 110 kV and above MVA 317,130 288,354 -9.07
1000 kV MVA 12,000
±800 kV MVA 14,400
750 kV MVA 16,600
±660 kV MVA 4,000
500 kV MVA 64,650 76,500 18.33
Of which: ±500 kV MVA 6,000 4,500 -25
±400 kV MVA 1,200
330 kV MVA 6,140 3,720 -39.41
220 kV MVA 120,317 112,690 -6.34
110 kV (includes 66 kV) MVA 92,224 99,944 8.37
11。Completed investment Million RMB 761,396 739,282 -2.9
1. Power plant investment Million RMB 392,740 373,182 -4.98
Hydro power Million RMB 97,053 123,878 27.64
Thermal power Million RMB 113,332 100,248 -11.55
Nuclear power Million RMB 76,396 78,448 2.69
Wind power Million RMB 90,243 60,737 -32.7
Solar power Million RMB 15,466 9,870 -36.18
Other Million RMB 248.5
2. Electric grid investment Million RMB 368,657 366,100 -0.69
Transmission and distribution Million RMB 349,752 345,800 -1.13
Of which:Direct current Million RMB 22,207 27,800 25.19
Alternating current Million RMB 327,545 318,031 -2.9
Other Million RMB 18,905 20,300 7.38
12。Unit capacity in multi-generator power plants, of capacity of 6 MW and above
Hydro power:Single unit capacity MW/unit 56.6 57.73 0.11
Number of units in fleet Unit 3,328 3,530 202
Fleet capacity MW 188,340 203,770 1543
Thermal power:Single unit capacity MW/unit 114 118 0.4
Number of units in fleet Unit 6,595 6,805 210
Fleet capacity MW 752,150 803,023 5087
13。Heat supply from thermal power plants 6 MW and above TJ 2,978,590 3,077,492 3.32
14。Coal consumption, gross, (as standard coal equivalent) in power plants 6 MW and above g/kWh 308 304.81 -3
15。Coal consumption, net, (as standard coal equivalent) in power plants 6 MW and above g/kWh 329 324.63 -4
16。Power plant own consumption, plants 6 MW and above % 5.39 5.1 -0.29
Hydro power % 0.36 0.33 -0.03
Thermal power % 6.23 6.08 -0.15
17。Power plant productivity (full load hours; 6 MW+ power plant avg.) hours 4,730 4,579 -151
Hydro power hours 3,019 3,591 572
------ ------ Of which:Pumped storage hours 619 592 -27
Thermal power hours 5,305 4,982 -323
Nuclear power hours 7,759 7,855 96
Wind power hours 1,875 1,929 54
18。Fuel consumption, power plants 6 MW and above
Standard coal eq. consumed for electric power production kt 1,144,000 1,147,705 0.32
Raw coal consumed for electric power production kt 1,823,820 1,789,681 -1.87
Standard coal eq. consumed for heat production kt 118,540 122,474 3.32
Raw coal consumed for heat production kt 182,620 184,467 1.01
19。Thermal power plant conversion efficiency (plants 6 MW and above)
Power generation efficiency % 41.76 41.91 0.15
Heat generation efficiency % 85.74 85.74
Overall conversion efficiency % 44.37 45.03 0.66
20。Electricity supply, consumption, and transmission losses
Electricity supply GWh 4,276,813 4,479,800 4.75
Electricity consumption GWh 3,997,967 4,178,100 4.51
Transmission losses GWh 278,846 301,800 8.23
Transmission loss rate % 6.52 6.74 0.22
21。Ratio of capacity of generation : consumption
Installed generation capacity:Total capacity of power consuming equipment 1∶3.31 1∶3.47
22。Elasticities of power supply and demand
Elasticity of power supply 1.28 0.69 -0.58
Elasticity of power demand 1.29 0.72 -0.57

Note:1. New installations of biomass power were 990 MW in 2012, an increase of 8.51% compared with last year;by year end 2012, total installed capacity of biomass power plants with a capacity of 6 MW and above was 7.69 GW, an increase of 37.57%;power production in biomass power plants of 6 MW and above was 31.6 TWh over 2012, an increase of 35.62% compared with last year;
2. This year's statistics for 35 kV and above transformer substation capacity includes converter capacity and transformer capacity at both ends; values for 2011 have been recalculated accordingly。

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